Equal Employment Opportunity Glossary

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29 CFR 1614

This is a regulation that controls the federal Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) process.  It provides instruction and guidance for all stages of the process.


Acknowledgement and Order

The Acknowledgment and Order (A&O) is a document issued by an Administrative Judge (AJ) in an EEO case that represents the EEOC's receipt of the Complainant's Request for Hearing.  The A&O also informs the parties of the judge's rules and requirements related to processing the case, including, but not limited to, rules on discovery (both timelines and content), motions for summary judgment, motions for reinstatement of claims, and occasionally hearing procedures.

Administrative Judge

An Administrative Judge (AJ) is the neutral third party who presides over and makes decisions regarding the Complainant's EEO case.


An admission is a voluntary acknowledgment, confession, or concession of the existence of a fact made by a party.  Commonly, parties will serve "Requests for Admissions" during the discovery process to the opposing side in order to obtain admissions regarding relevant facts in the case.


See Alternative Dispute Resolution.


An affidavit is a written statement of facts, voluntarily made by an individual under oath or affirmation.


See Administrative Judge.

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is a term that refers to the practice of resolving disputes outside of litigation.


An arbitration is a process where claims are submitted to a designated third-party individual to resolve the dispute in a full and final binding decision.


back pay

Back pay is an award from an Administrative Judge that compensates a complainant for a wrongful or discriminatory personnel action that resulted in a designated third-party individual to resolve the dispute in a full and final binding decision.

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